Calibration free laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of oxide materials

TitleCalibration free laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of oxide materials
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsPraher, B, Palleschi, V, Viskup, R, Heitz, J, Pedarnig, JD
JournalSPECTROCHIMICA ACTA PART B-ATOMIC SPECTROSCOPY
Volume65
Pagination671–679
ISSN0584-8547
Abstract

The quantitative determination of oxide concentration by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy is relevant in various fields of applications (e.g.: analysis of ores, concrete, slag). Calibration free laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and the multivariate calibration are among the methods employed for quantitative concentration analysis of complex materials. We measured the intensity of neutral and ionized atomic emission lines of oxide materials by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy and we modified the calibration free laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy method to increase the accuracy. The concentration of oxides was obtained by using stoichiometric relations. Sample materials were prepared from oxide powder (Fe2O3, MgO, CaO) by mixing and pressing. The concentration was 9.8-33.3 wt.% Fe2O3, 7.6-33.3 wt.% MgO and 33.3-81.2 wt.% CaO for different samples. Nd:YAG laser (wavelength 1064 nm, pulse duration approximate to 6 ns) ablation was performed in air. The laser-induced plasma emission was measured by an Echelle spectrometer equipped with a sensitivity calibrated ICCD camera. The numerical calibration free laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy algorithm included the fast deconvolution of instrumental function, and the correction of self-absorption effects. The oxide concentration C-CF calculated from calibration free laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy results and the nominal concentration C-N were very close for all samples investigated. The relative error in concentration, vertical bar C-CF-C-N vertical bar/C-N, was <10%, <20%, and <5% for Fe2O3, MgO, and CaO, respectively. The results indicate that this method can be employed for the analysis of major elements in multicomponent technical materials. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.sab.2010.03.010