Density-functional global optimization of gold nanoclusters

TitleDensity-functional global optimization of gold nanoclusters
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsAprà, E, Ferrando, R, Fortunelli, A
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
ISSN10980121 (ISSN)

The structure of gas-phase gold clusters of size ∼20 is studied by density-functional global optimization in the full configuration space. The putative global minimum of Au20 is confirmed to be a tetrahedron (Td) independently of the choice of the exchange-correlation functional, whereas the structure of the low-lying excited states depends on the theoretical approach. The peculiar stability of Td is rationalized in terms of the synergic effects of s-d hybridization and electronic shell closure. Calculations on Au16 and Au18 show that Td Au20 possibly represents a "unicum" in the sequence of gold clusters. © 2006 The American Physical Society.