Detailed characterization of the dynamics of ibuprofen in the solid state by a multi-technique NMR approach.

TitleDetailed characterization of the dynamics of ibuprofen in the solid state by a multi-technique NMR approach.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsCarignani, E, Borsacchi, S, Geppi, M
JournalChemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry
Date Publishedapr
KeywordsCarbon Isotopes, Carbon Isotopes: chemistry, Carboxylic Acids, Carboxylic Acids: chemistry, Dimerization, Ibuprofen, Ibuprofen: chemistry, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Models, molecular dynamics simulation, Theoretical

The internal rotations and interconformational jumps of ibuprofen in the solid state are fully characterized by the simultaneous analysis of a variety of low- and high-resolution NMR experiments for the measurement of several (13)C and (1)H spectral and relaxation properties, performed at different temperatures and, in some cases, frequencies. The results are first qualitatively analyzed to identify the motions of the different molecular fragments and to assign them to specific frequency ranges (slow, <10(3) Hz; intermediate, 10(3)-10(6) Hz; and fast, >10(6) Hz). In a second step, a simultaneous fit of the experimental data sets most sensitive to each frequency range is performed by means of suitable motional models to obtain, for each motion, values of correlation times and activation energies. The rotations of the three methyl groups around their ternary symmetry axes, which occur in the fast regime, are characterized by slightly different activation energies. Thanks to the simultaneous analysis of (1)H and (13)C data, the $π$-flip of the dimeric structure made by the acidic groups is also identified and seen to occur in the fast regime. On the contrary, the $π$-flip of the phenyl ring is found to occur in the slow motional regime, while the rotations of the isobutyl and propionic groups are frozen. The approach used appears to be of general applicability for studying the dynamics of small organic molecules.