Study of the compounding process parameters for morphology control of LDPE/layered silicate nanocomposites

TitleStudy of the compounding process parameters for morphology control of LDPE/layered silicate nanocomposites
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsCoiai, S, Scatto, M, Bertoldo, M, Conzatti, L, Andreotti, L, Sterner, M, Passaglia, E, Costa, G, Ciardelli, F
JournalE-POLYMERS
ISSN1618-7229
Abstract

A careful insight into melt compounding procedure is proposed in order to achieve a better understanding and control of the dispersion and orientation mechanisms of organo-clay platelets into LDPE nanocomposites. The method involved is the preparation of a maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene master-batch containing 10 wt% organo-clay via twin-screw extrusion. A substantial nano-dispersion and orientation of clay platelets was obtained as observed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analyses. Moreover, the nanocomposites prepared by diluting the master-batch through the blend mixing with additional LDPE preserved or improved the exfoliation and lamellae orientation. Finally, the thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA) showed a significant improvement of the thermal stability while both differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and XRD evidenced a slight increase of the LDPE crystallinity degree with respect to neat polymer matrices thus suggesting the occurrence of orientation also for the polymer.