Synthesis, characterization, and solid-state NMR investigation of organically modified bentonites and their composites with LDPE.

TitleSynthesis, characterization, and solid-state NMR investigation of organically modified bentonites and their composites with LDPE.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBorsacchi, S, Sudhakaran, U, Geppi, M, Ricci, L, Liuzzo, V, Ruggeri, G
JournalLangmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids
Volume29
Pagination9164–9172
Date Publishedjul
Abstract

Polymer/clay nanocomposites show remarkably improved properties (mechanical properties, as well as decreased gas permeability and flammability, etc.) with respect to their microscale counterparts and pristine polymers. Due to the substantially apolar character of most of the organic polymers, natural occurring hydrophilic clays are modified into organophilic clays with consequent increase of the polymer/clay compatibility. Different strategies have been developed for the preparation of nanocomposites with improved properties, especially aimed at achieving the best dispersion of clay platelets in the polymer matrix. In this paper we present the preparation and characterization of polymer/clay nanocomposites composed of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and natural clay, montmorillonite-containing bentonite. Two different forms of the clay have been considered: the first, a commercial organophilic bentonite (Nanofil 15), obtained by exchanging the natural cations with dimethyldioctadecylammonium (2C18) cations, and the second, obtained by performing a grafting reaction of an alkoxysilane containing a polymerizable group, 3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl methacrylate (TSPM), onto Nanofil 15. Both the clays and LDPE/clay nanocomposites were characterized by thermal, FT-IR, and X-ray diffraction techniques. The samples were also investigated by means of (29)Si, (13)C, and (1)H solid-state NMR, obtaining information on the structural properties of the modified clays. Moreover, by exploiting the effect of bentonite paramagnetic (Fe(3+)) ions on proton spin-lattice relaxation times (T1's), useful information about the extent of the polymer-clay dispersion and their interfacial interactions could be obtained.

URLhttp://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84880638079&partnerID=40&md5=6c9492d5233454996e8fa909480d7743 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23786424
DOI10.1021/la401686p